The Reformation’s emphasis on faith alone was the result of Luther’s tortured struggles to resolve the issue of how a fallen sinner may be saved. “My situation was that, although an impeccable monk, I stood before God as a sinner troubled in conscience, and had no confidence that my character would satisfy Him. Night and day I pondered,” Luther said. The breakthrough came when Luther was given insight into Romans 1:17: “For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.” Luther later wrote: “Then I grasped that the justice of God is the righteousness by which, through grace and sheer mercy, He justifies us through faith. Immediately I felt myself to have gone through open doors into paradise.”
First off, happy, or blessed Reformation Day. On this day, in 1517 (that’s 498 years ago), Martin Luther, who was a monk and university professor, nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg church, in Wittenberg Germany. This was not an act of defiance or vandalism, for all sorts of announcements were nailed to the door of the church.
What made these theses important is that they were topics of debate, and some of these topics challenged the authority of the pope of the Roman Catholic Church.